Migrant Education is a federally funded program designed to respond to the educational and health needs of migrant children. It is an addition to the supplemental services students already receive and is provided for all children through their school districts.
The program is authorized under Part C of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended.
The program is in addition to the supplemental services the students already receive through school districts, many of them serving rural areas, like Dixon Unified, which has about 3,500 students on seven campuses. Dixons program serves more than 100 7th through 12th graders plus another nearly 100 students at a Dixon migrant development center. (See full story above)
The federal dollars pay for education programs for migratory children and help ensure that, while moving among the states or to another country, such as Mexico, they are not penalized in any manner by differences among different curriculums, graduation requirements and student achievement standards. The money also pays for children who need supportive services to meet special needs, to make sure they have the same opportunities and are able to reach the same achievement standards that all children are expected to meet.
The federal money is given to state departments of education, based on each states per-pupil expenditure for students ages 3 to 21 who live within the state. The money pays for teaching, including remedial instruction, bilingual and multicultural instruction, vocational training, career education services, special guidance, preschool services, and counseling and testing services.
The programs goal is to make sure that all migrant students reach the same standards as traditional students, graduate with a high school diploma (or meet General Educational Development, or GED, requirements), preparing them for responsible citizenship, additional learning and gainful employment.
Source: US Department of Education (www2.ed.gov/programs/mep/index.html).